Lecturer's Précis - Gough (1972)
"One Second of Reading"
Copyright Notice: This material was written and published in Wales by Derek J. Smith (Chartered Engineer). It forms part of a multifile e-learning resource, and subject only to acknowledging Derek J. Smith's rights under international copyright law to be identified as author may be freely downloaded and printed off in single complete copies solely for the purposes of private study and/or review. Commercial exploitation rights are reserved. The remote hyperlinks have been selected for the academic appropriacy of their contents; they were free of offensive and litigious content when selected, and will be periodically checked to have remained so. Copyright © 2002-2018, Derek J. Smith.
First published online 08:59 BST 1st May 2002, Copyright Derek J. Smith (Chartered Engineer). This version [2.0 - copyright] 09:00 BST 3rd July 2018
An earlier version of this material appeared in Smith (1998; Chapter 5). It is repeated here in simplified form and supported with hyperlinks.
See firstly the supporting commentary for this material.
Gough's (1972) "One Second" Model of Reading: Here is a good example of how computing diagrams began to be imported into psychology in the early 1970s. This flow diagram shows how many processes are at work during a mere second's worth of reading aloud. Processing begins with inputs to the visual system (top left), and then flows anticlockwise to the vocal system (top right). Here is what happens next .....
If this diagram fails to load automatically, it may be accessed separately at
Redrawn from Gough (1972:345), but with added notes (italicised) and the lexicon and semantic system shaded and shown larger to aid visibility. This version Copyright © 2002, Derek J. Smith.
Gough, P.B. (1972). One second of reading. In Kavanagh, J.F. & Mattingley, I.G. (Eds.), Language by Ear and by Eye. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Smith, D.J. (1998). Applied Cognitive Psychology. Cardiff: UWIC. [ISBN: 1900666103]